What is pollen in the reproduction cycle of flowering plants ?
What is pollen in the reproduction cycle of conifers ?
What is a spore in the reproduction cycle of ferns ?
What is a spore in the reproduction cycle of mosses ?
How are the spores and pollen grains transported ?
What are the morphological characteristics of pollen and spore grains ?
What does the pollen rain represent ?
Which are the deposits containing fossil spores and pollens ?
How does a peat bog form ?
How to take samples of loose sediments containing fossil spores and pollens ?
How to extract spores and pollens from peat or lake sediments ?
What is the relationship between vegetation and climate ?
How to construct a pollen diagram ?
How does radiocarbon 14C dating work ?
Which methods allow the reconstruction of past climates ?
Spores and pollens under the microscope : what is seen and how to observe ?
Which are the characteristics of the Hautes-Fagnes taxa used in the key ?
What is the landscape like in the Hautes-Fagnes area today ?